The Name Burma in Chinese / Japanese...

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miǎn diàn
men den
Myanmar Scroll

緬甸 is the Chinese name for the country of Myanmar (formerly known as Burma).

緬甸 is occasionally used in Japanese (especially in historic documents) with the same meaning (though they also have a Katakana name for Myanmar/Burma).


See Also:  Asia

myan maa
Myanmar Scroll

ミャンマー is Myanmar in Japanese Katakana.


Note: Because this title is entirely Japanese Katakana, it should be written by a Japanese calligrapher.


The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji (Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Myanmar緬甸
缅甸
men den / mendenmiǎn diàn
mian3 dian4
mian dian
miandian
mien tien
mientien
Myanmarミャンマーmyan maa / myanmaa / myan ma / myanma
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.


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Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your burma search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

緬甸


缅甸

see styles
miǎn diàn
    mian3 dian4
mien tien
 menden
    めんでん
Myanmar Scroll
Myanmar (or Burma)
(See ビルマ) Burma (chi:); (place-name) Burma

勃固

see styles
bó gù
    bo2 gu4
po ku
Pegu city in south Myanmar (Burma)

小乘

see styles
xiǎo shèng
    xiao3 sheng4
hsiao sheng
 shōjō
Hinayana, the Lesser Vehicle; Buddhism in India before the Mayahana sutras; also pr. [Xiao3 cheng2]
Hīnayāna 希那衍. The small, or inferior wain, or vehicle; the form of Buddhism which developed after Śākyamuni's death to about the beginning of the Christian era, when Mahāyāna doctrines were introduced. It is the orthodox school and more in direct line with the Buddhist succession than Mahāyānism which developed on lines fundamentally different. The Buddha was a spiritual doctor, less interested in philosophy than in the remedy for human misery and perpetual transmigration. He "turned aside from idle metaphysical speculations; if he held views on such topics, he deemed them valueless for the purposes of salvation, which was his goal" (Keith). Metaphysical speculations arose after his death, and naturally developed into a variety of Hīnayāna schools before and after the separation of a distinct school of Mahāyāna. Hīnayāna remains the form in Ceylon, Burma, and Siam, hence is known as Southern Buddhism in contrast with Northern Buddhism or Mahāyāna, the form chiefly prevalent from Nepal to Japan. Another rough division is that of Pali and Sanskrit, Pali being the general literary language of the surviving form of Hīnayāna, Sanskrit of Mahāyāna. The term Hīnayāna is of Mahāyānist origination to emphasize the universalism and altruism of Mahāyāna over the narrower personal salvation of its rival. According to Mahāyāna teaching its own aim is universal Buddhahood, which means the utmost development of wisdom and the perfect transformation of all the living in the future state; it declares that Hīnayāna, aiming at arhatship and pratyekabuddhahood, seeks the destruction of body and mind and extinction in nirvāṇa. For arhatship the 四諦Four Noble Truths are the foundation teaching, for pratyekabuddhahood the 十二因緣 twelve-nidānas, and these two are therefore sometimes styled the two vehicles 二乘. Tiantai sometimes calls them the (Hīnayāna) Tripiṭaka school. Three of the eighteen Hīnayāna schools were transported to China: 倶舍 (Abhidharma) Kośa; 成實 Satya-siddhi; and the school of Harivarman, the律 Vinaya school. These are described by Mahāyānists as the Buddha's adaptable way of meeting the questions and capacity of his hearers, though his own mind is spoken of as always being in the absolute Mahāyāna all-embracing realm. Such is the Mahāyāna view of Hīnayāna, and if the Vaipulya sūtras and special scriptures of their school, which are repudiated by Hīnayāna, are apocryphal, of which there seems no doubt, then Mahāyāna in condemning Hīnayāna must find other support for its claim to orthodoxy. The sūtras on which it chiefly relies, as regards the Buddha, have no authenticity; while those of Hīnayāna cannot be accepted as his veritable teaching in the absence of fundamental research. Hīnayāna is said to have first been divided into minority and majority sections immediately after the death of Śākyamuni, when the sthāvira, or older disciples, remained in what is spoken of as "the cave", some place at Rājagṛha, to settle the future of the order, and the general body of disciples remained outside; these two are the first 上坐部 and 大衆部 q. v. The first doctrinal division is reported to have taken place under the leadership of the monk 大天 Mahādeva (q.v.) a hundred years after the Buddha's nirvāṇa and during the reign of Aśoka; his reign, however, has been placed later than this by historians. Mahādeva's sect became the Mahāsāṅghikā, the other the Sthāvira. In time the two are said to have divided into eighteen, which with the two originals are the so-called "twenty sects" of Hīnayāna. Another division of four sects, referred to by Yijing, is that of the 大衆部 (Arya) Mahāsaṅghanikāya, 上座部 Āryasthavirāḥ, 根本說一切有部 Mūlasarvāstivādaḥ, and 正量部 Saṃmatīyāḥ. There is still another division of five sects, 五部律. For the eighteen Hīnayāna sects see 小乘十八部; small vehicle

撣邦


掸邦

see styles
shàn bāng
    shan4 bang1
shan pang
Shan state of east Myanmar (Burma)

畹町

see styles
wǎn dīng
    wan3 ding1
wan ting
Wanding town Dehong Dai and Jingpo autonomous prefecture 德宏傣族景頗族自治州|德宏傣族景颇族自治州, Yunnan, on border with Myanmar (Burma)

老街

see styles
lǎo jiē
    lao3 jie1
lao chieh
Lao Cai, Vietnam; Laokai or Laukkai, Burma (Myanmar)

蒲甘

see styles
pú gān
    pu2 gan1
p`u kan
    pu kan
Bagan (Pagan), ancient capital of Myanmar (Burma)

訪緬

see styles
 houmen / homen
    ほうめん
(noun/participle) visit to Myanmar; visit to Burma

ビルマ

see styles
 biruma
    ビルマ
(also written 緬甸) (See ミャンマー) Burma; (place-name) Burmah; Bilma; Vilma

勃固河

see styles
bó gù hé
    bo2 gu4 he2
po ku ho
Pegu River of south central Myanmar (Burma)

史迪威

see styles
shǐ dí wēi
    shi3 di2 wei1
shih ti wei
Joseph Stilwell (1883-1946), commander of US forces in China, Burma and India in World War II

德宏州

see styles
dé hóng zhōu
    de2 hong2 zhou1
te hung chou
abbr. for 德宏傣族景頗族自治州|德宏傣族景颇族自治州, Dehong Dai and Jingpo autonomous prefecture in west Yunnan surrounded on three sides by Myanmar (Burma)

曼德勒

see styles
màn dé lè
    man4 de2 le4
man te le
Mandalay, province and second city of Myanmar (Burma)

甘巴里

see styles
gān bā lǐ
    gan1 ba1 li3
kan pa li
Professor Ibrahim Gambari (1944-), Nigerian scholar and diplomat, ambassador to UN 1990-1999, UN envoy to Burma from 2007

畹町市

see styles
wǎn dīng shì
    wan3 ding1 shi4
wan ting shih
Wanding town Dehong Dai and Jingpo autonomous prefecture 德宏傣族景頗族自治州|德宏傣族景颇族自治州, Yunnan, on border with Myanmar (Burma)

蒙巴頓


蒙巴顿

see styles
méng bā dùn
    meng2 ba1 dun4
meng pa tun
Mountbatten (name, Anglicization of German Battenberg); Lord Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1900-1979), British commander in Southeast Asia during WWII, presided over the partition of India in 1947, murdered by the IRA.

錫當河


锡当河

see styles
xī dāng hé
    xi1 dang1 he2
hsi tang ho
Sittang River of central Myanmar (Burma), between Irrawaddy and Salween rivers

ネピドー

see styles
 nepidoo
    ネピドー
(place-name) Nay Pyi Daw (Burma); Naypyidaw

伊洛瓦底

see styles
yī luò wǎ dǐ
    yi1 luo4 wa3 di3
i lo wa ti
Irrawaddy or Ayeyarwaddy River, the main river of Myanmar (Burma)

依洛瓦底

see styles
yī luò wǎ dǐ
    yi1 luo4 wa3 di3
i lo wa ti
Irrawaddy or Ayeyarwaddy River, the main river of Myanmar (Burma); also written 伊洛瓦底

勃固山脈


勃固山脉

see styles
bó gù shān mài
    bo2 gu4 shan1 mai4
po ku shan mai
Pegu Yoma (mountain range) of south central Myanmar (Burma), separating Irrawaddy and Sittang basins

撣邦高原


掸邦高原

see styles
shàn bāng gāo yuán
    shan4 bang1 gao1 yuan2
shan pang kao yüan
Shan plateau of east Myanmar (Burma)

泰緬鉄道

see styles
 taimentetsudou / taimentetsudo
    たいめんてつどう
Thai-Burma Railway

緬甸聯邦


缅甸联邦

see styles
miǎn diàn lián bāng
    mian3 dian4 lian2 bang1
mien tien lien pang
Union of Myanmar, official name of Burma 1998-2010

若開山脈


若开山脉

see styles
ruò kāi shān mài
    ruo4 kai1 shan1 mai4
jo k`ai shan mai
    jo kai shan mai
Arakan Yoma, mountain range in western Myanmar (Burma)

莫塔馬灣


莫塔马湾

see styles
mò tǎ mǎ wān
    mo4 ta3 ma3 wan1
mo t`a ma wan
    mo ta ma wan
Gulf of Martaban, Myanmar (Burma)

蒲甘王朝

see styles
pú gān wáng cháo
    pu2 gan1 wang2 chao2
p`u kan wang ch`ao
    pu kan wang chao
Bagan (Pagan) Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma), 1044-1287

伊洛瓦底江

see styles
yī luò wǎ dǐ jiāng
    yi1 luo4 wa3 di3 jiang1
i lo wa ti chiang
Irrawaddy or Ayeyarwaddy River, the main river of Myanmar (Burma)

伊賞那補羅


伊赏那补罗

see styles
yī shǎng nà bǔ luó
    yi1 shang3 na4 bu3 luo2
i shang na pu lo
 Ishōnahora
IIśānapura. An ancient kingdom in Burma. Eitel. Cf. 伊沙那.

阿拉乾山脈


阿拉干山脉

see styles
ā lā gān shān mài
    a1 la1 gan1 shan1 mai4
a la kan shan mai
Arakan Yoma, mountain range in western Myanmar (Burma)

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Myanmar Scroll
Myanmar Scroll
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Myanmar Scroll


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A nice Chinese calligraphy wall scroll

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single-character wall scroll.
We also offer custom wall scrolls in small, medium, and an even-larger jumbo size.

A professional Chinese Calligrapher

Professional calligraphers are getting to be hard to find these days.
Instead of drawing characters by hand, the new generation in China merely type roman letters into their computer keyboards and pick the character that they want from a list that pops up.

There is some fear that true Chinese calligraphy may become a lost art in the coming years. Many art institutes in China are now promoting calligraphy programs in hopes of keeping this unique form of art alive.

Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

Even with the teachings of a top-ranked calligrapher in China, my calligraphy will never be good enough to sell. I will leave that to the experts.

A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

The same calligrapher who gave me those lessons also attracted a crowd of thousands and a TV crew as he created characters over 6-feet high. He happens to be ranked as one of the top 100 calligraphers in all of China. He is also one of very few that would actually attempt such a feat.


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Some people may refer to this entry as Burma Kanji, Burma Characters, Burma in Mandarin Chinese, Burma Characters, Burma in Chinese Writing, Burma in Japanese Writing, Burma in Asian Writing, Burma Ideograms, Chinese Burma symbols, Burma Hieroglyphics, Burma Glyphs, Burma in Chinese Letters, Burma Hanzi, Burma in Japanese Kanji, Burma Pictograms, Burma in the Chinese Written-Language, or Burma in the Japanese Written-Language.

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